Fundamental and Technical Analysis: What is the Difference?

Traders and investors can benefit from combining technical and fundamental analysis. Read on to understand the difference between the two and some of their advantages and disadvantages.

Understanding Fundamental Analysis

Fundamental analysis is a strategy for assessing a company and establishing its actual stock value. Often, the valuation of companies does not factor in their market rate. In this case, purchase and sell resolutions depend on the stock performance, whether it is trading at a premium or a discount to its fair value.

While the value of a stock is usually an opinion, underrated companies may excel in the long term. The application of fundamental analysis can be made in varied markets like commodities and currencies. In such a case, factors that influence asset value are put into consideration.

Understanding Technical Analysis

The difference between technical and fundamental analysis depends on factors that dictate the price and value of a stock. Fundamental analysis focuses on the company’s value, which depends on its asset value and potential profit.

Fundamental analysts are interested in knowing the difference between the value of a stock and its trading price. On the other hand, technical analysis focuses on price action, which indicates the supply of the stock and its demand statistics. These factors dictate the stock price.

Often, repetition of patterns occurs because investors usually behave similarly to similar situations. Technical analysis focuses on volume data and costs only.

What Tools are Used for Technical and Fundamental Analysis?

Financial analysts focus on a company’s financial performance and positions, its competitors, the market where it operates, and the overall economy. Financial statements are the most critical source of information for a fundamental analyst. These documents include cash flow and income statements and a balance sheet.

Analysts leverage data from the statements to determine metrics and ratios that indicate the company’s performance, growth, and health rates. Economic circumstances and industry data like retail spending and interest rates play a significant role in predicting future growth. Analysts will then get the fair market value after comparing various ratios and models.

Technical analysis is comprehensive. Every chartist utilizes price charts which can be candlestick charts, bar charts, or line charts. Other than price charts, tools used may vary vastly. Some analysts utilize oscillators and indicators like moving averages computed from stock costs. Other analysts may opt for price patterns and sophisticated analysis plans like market profile and Elliott Waves. Trend followers may opt for different tools to determine price trends and calculate momentum.

Which is Better Between Technical and Fundamental Analysis?

For long, there has been unending argument over technical and fundamental analysis with advocates of either option devaluing the other. What they do not realize is that they can implement both options. Technical analysis is critical for market timing and short term trading. Fundamental analysis, on the other hand, is ideal for long-term and medium investments.

Demand and supply determine short-lived price fluctuations. However, these factors are also influenced by other elements than is the case with fundamental analysis. To assess market attitude and its impact on market activity, you should use volume and price data.

Charts can’t be utilized on technical and fundamental analysis to determine if a stock is over or undervalued or its potential value in the future. Charts indicate past happenings, and their value declines with time.

Understanding the Advantages and Disadvantages of Fundamental Analysis

Conducting analysis depending on an organization’s competitive and financial position comes with various advantages. For example, investors can manage portfolio risk by measuring a stock’s premium to market value. They (investors) can then make asset allocation choices to reduce portfolio drawbacks.

However, fundamental analysis is less detailed when predicting what could happen in the short term. Predicting volatility and price movements using fundamental analysis is not achievable.

Understanding the Advantages and Disadvantages of Technical Analysis

Apart from the ease of assessing stocks via technical analysis, analysts can automate some of the tasks to save time. Further, an analyst can determine ideas and examine more supplies from a larger perspective. Technical analysis can help determine price targets and levels where some ideas fail. As a result, traders can develop investment strategies with well-defined reward and risk profiles.

Not all technical approaches can be back-tracked. Elliot wave and pattern trading analysis can be subjective, which means they depend on n judgment. Again, technical trading configurations have a reduced win rate.


Fundamental analysis will be ideal if you plan to invest in unlisted companies. Long-term investors should determine the company value before investing. Doing so allows them to make informed decisions when choosing long-term stocks, selecting the right time to exit prolonged price moves, and controlling portfolio risk.